But when the price of oil dropped once more, interest in unconventional supplies waned [source:
An ordinary fire, like the ones that occur in this area almost every other summer, met up with a terrible, sudden wind that turned it into real galloping inferno. The tragic result was 87 dead Greek citizens and more than 20 still missing.
Huge questions loom on the horizon and only very limited answers are forthcoming. Are some of the lessons from this tragedy related to the wider geopolitical and political-economic questions?
Public-sector clientelism is leading to disastrous inefficiency Why do tragedies like these occur in social environments with firmly entrenched clientelist political systems and in political entities that operate on the periphery of major, bureaucratic, modern empires?
Sweden saw huge uncontrolled fires this summer. However, there was no loss of life or major disasters that befell the urban centers.
The major difference between these examples is the quality of the civil service. In Greece and Portugal there is no real ethics in the public administration, which frequently fails to meet any vigorous efficiency test.
In public bureaucracies that sprout favoritism the way trees grow branches, it is very difficult to design long-term plans to handle critical and life-threatening situations. Likewise, the political system lacks the prerequisites to draw upon informed societies that are trained to be cooperative and disciplined when there is a need for coordination.
When clientelism dictates and forms the essence of the political culture, this culminates in fractured societies that are infected with spreading islands of lawlessness and limited possibilities for administrative coherence.
In Greece in particular, the deep-rooted mentality of state favoritism produces whole sectors of uncoordinated urbanization, with no respect for the environment, chaotic borough formation, and a coastline that has been brutally violated by hasty real-estate developmental schemes.
In such a social context, thorough planning becomes almost impossible and the idea of applying administrative guidelines to deal with a crisis sounds like a joke. It is essentially the political system itself that invites disasters and not any sort of physical deluge that begets them.
The need for market solutions Clientelism and heavy state intervention in the running of the economy and society are the basic causes of inefficiency and, henceforth, administrative chaos. It appears that the process of rational choice is the fatal enemy of the dominant mentality in such systems of government.
This is represented by any model that relies on the market to deal with questions of economic policy and societal organization. A bloated public sector that is encouraged by the political authorities to constantly expand, irrespective of its ability to deliver on its promises, becomes the major problem.
Instead of being the solution to emerging issues, the state actually becomes the cause of most troubles and difficulties.
Henceforth, without clear objectives or cost-benefit solutions, the state is unable to provide reliable outcomes or to cope with situations, especially emergencies. In the case of Greece in particular, the fire-fighting service had been financially starved, while its personnel had been recruiting new staff based on specific social criteria!
In other words, firefighters entrusted with saving people from emergency situations were hired on the basis of their physical inability to deal with normal life situations, i.
Relying on a market mentality means that choices are made based on measurable results, well structured plans to deal with crises, and thoroughly tested options. When none of these requirements are met, it is more than certain that achievements will be negligible and the consequences disastrous.
Hence one must assume that societies that do not rely on rational-choice procedures and which pursue policies of heavy state intervention and patron-client favoritism are not likely to see successful results.
This essentially means that societies built on capitalist principles pursue measurable results that further the welfare of their citizens. Geopolitical repercussions There is also a geopolitical angle to these observations.
If a country cannot keep up with globally established administrative and financial trends, it will end up facing dead-end situations and find itself being marginalized.
With the exception of its reliance on heavy state taxation, the EU always pursues policies of open social frontiers and market economics. Countries that deviate from this logic find themselves gradually lost in a political wilderness. They constantly creep along on the fringes of events and absent themselves from all contemporary processes.
The Geopolitical Repercussions of the Formation of Eritrea. Topics: Ethiopia Geopolitical Models Since the twentieth century, the geopolitical concept has evolved and developed. Geopolitics is the attempt to explain international politics in terms of geography, which includes location, size, and resources of places. Four Geopolitical Consequences of Brexit. The narrative of elites versus the masses has come to fruition. Geopolitical Implications of Shale Gas February 8, from the Bakken formation, for example, which approach about thousand bbl/d then slowly decline after Geopolitical Repercussions of Expanded U.S. Shale Gas Production (cont.) Baker Institute.
By acting as the exception instead of the rule, they will rapidly find themselves marginalized. They will become a stark anomaly and thus be excluded from every movement going forward.
They will become the pariahs of the international system. Geopolitical events will pass them by, and they will be looked upon as the "black holes" of the international order.
Notwithstanding the importance of events within a country, opting for heavy state intervention may lead a country into the international wilderness. In Greece we witnessed this repulsive, internally-generated tragedy in all its horrifying glory.
Unfortunately we may soon see more far-reaching consequencesThe Geopolitical Consequences of Oil Shale - The geopolitical consequences of oil shale may not outweigh the available oil in the Green River Formation.
Read about geopolitical consequences of . ‘prosumer’ country, thereby greatly reducing any form of geopolitical concern. Keywords: geopolitics, renewable energy systems, thought experiment. 1 Assistant Professor at the Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Section Economics of Infrastructures.
The congress will task the newly elected primate with completing the formation of the new church and with ensuring its functioning. The most sensitive issues .
Geopolitical darkness arises when a scenario of Iran and Saudi Arabia going to war or Iran-Hezbollah-Syrian-Israeli tensions spilling into a conflict engulfing the entire Middle East is a scenario. The Geopolitical Repercussions of the Formation of Eritrea.
Topics: Ethiopia Geopolitical Models Since the twentieth century, the geopolitical concept has evolved and developed. Geopolitics is the attempt to explain international politics in terms of geography, which includes location, size, and resources of places.
Geopolitical definition, the study or the application of the influence of political and economic geography on the politics, national power, foreign policy, etc., of a state. See more.